Diabetes is a chronic condition marked by high levels of glucose in the blood. It is caused either by the inability to produce insulin (a hormone produced by the pancreas to control blood glucose levels) or by the body not being able to use insulin effectively.
Insulin is the hormone which unlocks the cells in your body and allows the sugar (glucose) in your blood to be used for immediate energy needs, or it is stored to be used later on.
High blood glucose levels can cause long term health problems. Early diagnosis and treatment of diabetes along with lifestyle changes will have positive health effects on these conditions.
Type 1 and type 2 are the two main types of diabetes, although gestational diabetes can sometimes develop during pregnancy.