Healthy Living NT

Type 2 Diabetes

In type 2 diabetes, the pancreas is making insulin but the insulin is not able to act on the bodys cells to let the glucose in (insulin resistance). The pancreas then has to make more insulin. If glucose cannot get into the cells, there is too much glucose in the blood and eventually the pancreas cannot make enough insulin to keep the balance right. This can cause the symptoms and health problems related to diabetes.

There is no single cause for type 2 diabetes but certain lifestyle or risk factors are thought to contribute to its development. Risk factors include:

  • being above your healthy weight range
  • eating an unhealthy diet
  • smoking
  • having a waist measurement above recommendations (80cm for women and 90cm for men)
  • not engaging in 60 minutes of moderately intense physical activity each day and
  • having a family history of type 2 diabetes

Type 2 diabetes was previously known as non-insulin dependent or mature age onset diabetes but now affects people of all ages. It is the most common form of diabetes affecting 85 to 90% of all people diagnosed with diabetes.

AusDRisk - Type 2 Diabetes Risk Assessment Tool a risk factor calculator - click here to assess your risk of developing type 2 diabetes.

For more information, go to our information sheets. Members of Healthy Living NT receive additional up to date information. To become a member, please click here.


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